Before turning to the results, it is useful to consider the impact the methodology (i.e., asking employers why they didn’t report) may have on the conclusions. Basically, there is a significant risk that employers will respond with socially acceptable explanations (e.g., ignorance) rather than socially unacceptable answers (e.g., evasion of surveillance). In this way, we see how methodology can shape the direction and validity of the conclusions.
Five broad categories of explanations were developed from employer answers:
- noncompliance with OSHA recordkeeping rules;
- (noncompliance with SOII reporting instructions;
- the employer did not consider the injury work-related;
- data entry errors; and
- claims with indeterminate SOII eligibility.
-- Bob Barnetson